In this lesson, we will study future tense. For that, we’ll use some verbs that we’ve seen before:
See how the verb is built:
KU – IKALE = kwikale
‘KU’ marks the infinitive form of the verb and ‘IKALE’ is the verb stem. When you contract them, the ‘u’ transform into ‘w’.
* NE + NG + IKALE = nengikale
NE marks the future tense of the verb, ‘NG’ is the 1st person pronoun and ‘IKALE’ is the verb stem
It is the same process for the rest
* NE + WU + IKALE = newikale
The ‘u’ in ‘wu’ is dropped because of the contraction.
* NE + À = IKALE = neìkale
Same contraction here but we keep the accent that marks the 3rd person of singular.
* NE + TU + IKALE = netwikale
* NE + NU + IKALE = nenwikale
* NE + BA + IKALE = nebikale
You note in red the pronouns from 1st person of singular to 3rd person of plural that we saw in previous lessons:
ng, wu, ù/à, tu, nu, ba (‘ng’ is another form for ‘nyi’ or ‘n’ that marks the first person of singular).
See, if you understand how the verb is constructed you can easily find and/or remember a specific conjugation. Try to find the construction of the other verbs on your own. You’ll see how easy it is.