Bwakulu|Linguistics, Myakù |Vocabulary, Tùlaasà|Language Study

[Vocabulary] Swadesh List Top 100

The Swadesh list is the result of linguistic researches including languages from all continents and determining the most common words used by humanity, somewhat a “universal vocab list”. Here’s the translation in Cilubà to add some words to your flashcards. 😉

Kifwebe_mask_-_Luba_-_RDC_-_Royal_Palace,_Brussels

English

Français

Cilubà

I moi mêma
You toi wêwa
we nous twêtu
this ceci eyi
that cela ayi
who? qui? nganyì?
what? quoi? cinganyì?
not pas to
all (of a number) tout -ônsu
many beaucoup -à/-a bûngì
one un ùmwà
two deux ibìdì
big gros(se) -nèna
long long(ue) -le(a)
small petit(e) -kesà
woman femme mukàjì
man homme mulùma
person personne muntu
fish poisson mushipa
bird oiseau nnyunyu
dog chien mbwa
louse pou lukùsù
tree arbre mucì
seed graine ditungù
leaf (botanics) feuille cibeji
root (botanics) racine muji
bark (of tree) écorce cipusu
skin peau dikòbà
flesh chair munyìnyi
blood sang mashi
bone os cifùbà
grease graisse dìfutà
egg œuf diyi
horn corne lusèngu
tail queue mukìla
feather plume disàlà
hair cheveux nsukì
head tête mutù
ear oreille dicì(ò)
eye œil dîsu
nose nez dyûlu
mouth bouche mukana
tooth dent dînu
tongue langue ludimi
claw griffe dìkama/luzàdi
foot pied dikàsà
knee genou cinù
hand main cyanza
belly (abdomen) ventre difù
neck (not nape!) cou nshìngù
breasts (female) poitrine mpàngà
heart cœur mucìma
liver foie mucìma
drink (verb) boire kunwà
eat (verb) manger kudyà
bite (verb) mordre kusùma
see (verb) voir kumona
hear (verb) entendre kumvwa
know (facts) savoir kumanya
sleep (verb) dormir kulala
die (verb) mourir kufwà
kill (verb) tuer kushipa
swim (verb) nager kwombela
fly (verb) voler kubùùka
walk (verb) marcher kwenda
come (verb) venir kulwa
lie (on side, recline) coucher kushima
sit (verb) asseoir kubwela
stand (verb) tenir debout kwimana shìmbàà
give (verb) donner kupeesha
say (verb)† dire kuamba
sun soleil dîba
moon lune ngondu
star étoile mùtôtù
water eau mâyi
rain pluie mvùla
stone pierre dibwa
sand sable lusenga
earth (=soil) terre buloba
cloud (not fog) nuage ditutu
smoke (noun, of fire) fumée  minshi
fire feu mudilu
ash(es) cendre(s) butù
burn (verb intr.!) brûler kwosha
path (road, trail) chemin njila
mountain (not hill) montagne mukùnà
red (colour) rouge -kùnze(a)
green (colour) vert -à/-a mâyààmatàmbà
yellow (colour) jaune -à/-a kàlaabi
white (colour) blanc -tòòka
black (colour) noir -fììka
night nuit bufùku
hot (of weather) chaud luuyà
cold (of weather) froid mashìka
full† plein -pasa
new nouveau -pya-pyà
good bon -ìmpà
round arrondi cijèngù
dry (substance!) sec -ûma
name nom dîna

2 thoughts on “[Vocabulary] Swadesh List Top 100”

  1. Thank you very much for the wonderful job you are doing by providing useful material to teach us ciluba.
    May I bring to your attention the fact that in the vocabulary list above, the ciluba words, which the most needed, are only partly visible.
    Would you kindly see to it that this is addressed?
    Twasakidila wa bungi

    Like

    1. Moyo Kanyiki! Sorry but I checked the page on my cellphone and on my computer (IE, Chrome & Firefox) and the display is fine. Maybe have a look at your settings and make sure whatever browser you use is up to date.
      Good day! 😊

      Like

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